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Urinary Tract Infection

A Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary system, usually caused by bacteria that is able to enter the urinary system through the urethra, or occasionally through the bloodstream.

Urinary tract infection symptoms

Urinary infection symptoms are often termed cystitis or urethritis, although this terminology refers to inflammation of the bladder or urethra, which can be caused by diseases other than those of bacterial origin. The symptoms of UTI can vary, depending on whether the infection affects the lower (bladder and urethra) or upper (kidneys and ureters) parts of the urinary tract.

Lower urinary tract infection symptoms

  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • The need to pass urine more frequently than normal
  • Need to hurry to the toilet to pass urine
  • Urine can be cloudy with a strong odour

Upper urinary tract infection symptoms

People with upper urinary tract infection are likely to experience the symptoms of a lower urinary tract infection (shown above) as well as those listed below.

  • Feeling unwell.
  • Having a high temperature and chills.
  • Loin (kidney) pain.
  • The patient is likely to be ill and could require hospital admission.

Types of urinary tract infections

Uncomplicated (simple) UTI

No structural or functional abnormality within the urinary tract or underlying disease is known to increase the risks of acquiring infection or failing therapy.

Complicated UTI

Structural or functional abnormality of the urinary tract or the presence of an underlying disease that increases the risk of acquiring an infection or failing therapy.

How common are urinary tract infections?

UTIs are more common in women than in men. Approximately 50 per cent of women will need treatment for at least one UTI during their lifetime:

  • UTIs occur rarely in men and all such episodes warrant investigation.
  • UTIs in children can cause kidney damage, so prompt treatment is important.
  • Treating UTIs in pregnant women is also vital as, left untreated, a UTI can cause low birth weight or premature birth.

 Treatment of urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections are normally treated with an antibiotic and symptoms usually start to improve within 24 hours. People who suffer recurrent UTIs usually find drinking sufficient fluids is helpful, washing and passing urine after sexual intercourse can also help. Occasionally patients with recurrent or difficult UTIs need to take continuous low doses of antibiotics.

Surgery is sometimes needed to correct an abnormality of the urinary tract that increases the likelihood of an individual having an infection. Children with vesicoureteric reflux may require preventative antibiotics for a period of time, but the condition usually improves without surgery as they grow older. If the UTI is caused by the presence of renal stones, these will need to be removed using lithotripsy.

Contact London Urology for Urinary Tract Infections

London Urology has years of experience in treating Urinary Tract Infections in both men and women and have a variety of specialist Consultants available to provide treatment. To book a consultation you can email us londonurology@hje.org.uk or call our unit coordinator on 020 7432 8297.

ENT Consultants

Urology Clinic

Our private urology clinic in London uses the latest techniques to give you the best diagnosis, intervention and aftercare for any urology problem you may be suffering from, allowing you to get back to your normal life as soon as possible.  We provide our urology Consultants with the most modern diagnostic equipment, so they can quickly find out what’s wrong. They also have four operating theatres at their disposal to carry out procedures, which cuts waiting times.

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Patient information

Our Hospital is renowned for providing exemplary levels of care across more than 90 services. From orthopaedics, to urology, our private GP practice and Urgent Care Clinic, our services are led by some of London’s leading Consultants. For more information, and to find a service suitable for your care, find out more about the services that we offer.

Make an enquiry

If you have any questions relating to treatment options or pricing information, get in touch with us by filling out one of our contact boxes or giving us a call on 020 7432 8297.

Our Appointments Team have a dedicated and caring approach to finding you the earliest appointment possible with the best specialist.

If you are self-paying you don’t need a referral from your GP for a consultation. You can simply refer yourself* and book an appointment.

If you have health insurance (e.g. Bupa, Axa Health, Aviva), you will need to contact your insurer to get authorisation before any treatment, and in most cases you will also require a referral letter from your GP.

If you are not registered with a GP, we have an in-house private GP practice you can use. Alternatively, we can suggest the most appropriate course of action for you to take, given your location and individual circumstances.

*Please note – for investigations such as X-rays and MRIs, a referral will be required. However, we may be able to arrange this for you through our on-site private GP.

    Make an enquiry

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