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Haematuria (Blood In Urine)

Haematuria commonly known as blood in the urine. Haematuria most commonly presents in small quantities and is often picked up on a routine screening by a simple dipstick test. Haematuria can also be diagnosed when urine is examined under the microscope (microscopic haematuria) or seen as red or brown discolouration of the urine (macroscopic haematuria).

What is haematuria?

Blood in the urine is commonly known as haematuria. Haematuria most commonly presents in small quantities and is often picked up on a routine screening by a simple dipstick test. Haematuria can also be diagnosed when urine is examined under the microscope (microscopic haematuria) or seen as red or brown discolouration of the urine (macroscopic haematuria).

Blood should not normally appear in the urine. The presence of blood therefore means that there could be a problem in any part of the urinary tract, from the kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate gland or the urethra.

What is the likelihood the symptoms of haematuria are serious?

It is rare that patients under the age of 40 years with microscopic haematuria have a serious problem.

In all other cases the presence of haematuria should be investigated.

  • 50% of patients with haematuria will have an abnormality
  • 10% of patients with microscopic haematuria will have a malignancy
  • 35% of patients with macroscopic haematuria will have an underlying tumour

Our expertise in haematuria

The Urology Unit has a wide range of specialists in haematuria, urology and urological oncology that can assess the likelihood of disease.

A positive dipstick test for blood in isolation can often be distressing and in all cases where symptoms exist, physical examination must also be undertaken and further investigations performed to localise the cause.

All patients should be seen by a specialist urologist:

  • A physical examination is required including a prostate examination for men and gynaecological organs in the female.
  • Samples of urine must be sent for microscopy and culture [investigation of infection], and urine cytology [investigation of abnormal cells in the urine].
  • Arrange a blood test to establish kidney function and signs of infection or clotting abnormality.
  • Undertake an ultrasound examination of the renal system including the bladder, and a plain abdominal x-ray.
  • Perform a cystoscopy, which is an investigation involving a tube being passed into the bladder.
  • In some cases an intravenous urogram (IVU) or a CT scan will be undertaken to visualise the renal system to check for obstruction.

It is important to remember that the job of the specialist is to diagnose early and treat any serious pathology but more commonly to exclude serious pathology and to reassure the patient.

We also have expert radiologists who specialise in imaging of the urinary tract and pelvis and who work closely with their urology colleagues to provide the very best in diagnosis.

We aim to provide you with a fast track service to ensure you are fully informed and to the options available to you.

Contact us

To book an appointment with one of our specialist urologists you can call us on 020 7432 8297 or email us at londonurology@hje.org.uk.

ENT Consultants

Urology Clinic

Our private urology clinic in London uses the latest techniques to give you the best diagnosis, intervention and aftercare for any urology problem you may be suffering from, allowing you to get back to your normal life as soon as possible.  We provide our urology Consultants with the most modern diagnostic equipment, so they can quickly find out what’s wrong. They also have four operating theatres at their disposal to carry out procedures, which cuts waiting times.

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Patient information

Our Hospital is renowned for providing exemplary levels of care across more than 90 services. From orthopaedics, to urology, our private GP practice and Urgent Care Clinic, our services are led by some of London’s leading Consultants. For more information, and to find a service suitable for your care, find out more about the services that we offer.

Make an enquiry

If you have any questions relating to treatment options or pricing information, get in touch with us by filling out one of our contact boxes or giving us a call on 020 7432 8297.

Our Appointments Team have a dedicated and caring approach to finding you the earliest appointment possible with the best specialist.

If you are self-paying you don’t need a referral from your GP for a consultation. You can simply refer yourself* and book an appointment.

If you have health insurance (e.g. Bupa, Axa Health, Aviva), you will need to contact your insurer to get authorisation before any treatment, and in most cases you will also require a referral letter from your GP.

If you are not registered with a GP, we have an in-house private GP practice you can use. Alternatively, we can suggest the most appropriate course of action for you to take, given your location and individual circumstances.

*Please note – for investigations such as X-rays and MRIs, a referral will be required. However, we may be able to arrange this for you through our on-site private GP.

    Make an enquiry

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